Vicarious Liability for Discrimination

In Doe v. Bloomberg, L.P., et al., 2021 N.Y. Slip Op. 00898, 2021 WL 496608 (N.Y. Ct. App., Feb. 11, 2021), the New York Court of Appeals affirmed a First Department decision declining to impose vicarious liability on defendant Michael Bloomberg, under the New York City Human Rights Law, for the alleged harassment committed by…

Read More Court of Appeals Clarifies Standard for Individual Liability as “Employers” for Discrimination Under the New York City Human Rights Law
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In Bentley v. AutoZoners, LLC et al, No. 18-2441-cv, 2019 WL 3884248 (2d Cir. (Conn.) Aug. 19, 2019), the Second Circuit, inter alia, affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s sex-based hostile work environment claim. This decision provides a good overview of the law relating to when the conduct of an employee, amounting to a hostile work…

Read More 2d Circuit Affirms Dismissal of Hostile Work Environment Claim; Actions of Non-“Supervisor” Not Imputable to Employer
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In Martin v. New York State et al, 17-cv-9721, 2019 WL 2053992 (S.D.N.Y. May 9, 2019), the court, inter alia, dismissed plaintiff’s sexual harassment claim based on the conduct of a non “supervisor.” The court’s decision turned on that branch of the law providing that “[w]hen the harassment is perpetrated by a non-supervisory coworker, an…

Read More Court Dismisses Sexual Harassment Claim Based on Conduct By Non-Supervisor
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In Croci v. Town of Haverstraw, No. 2015-01366, 2017 WL 99235 (N.Y. App. Div. 2d Dept. Jan. 11, 2017), a New York appellate court upheld the dismissal of plaintiff’s sexual harassment case. This decision is instructive on when an employer will be vicariously liable for sexual harassment under the New York State Human Rights Law. Here…

Read More Town Not Vicariously Liable for Co-Worker’s Alleged Sexual Harassment; Summary Judgment Affirmed
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In Deberry v. Brookdale Univ. Hosp. & Med. Ctr., No. 12-CV-6251(SLT)(RLM), 2016 WL 3840673 (E.D.N.Y. July 12, 2016), the court dismissed plaintiff’s discrimination, harassment, and hostile work environment claims. Here I’ll focus on its discussion of plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim. This case is instructive on the issue of when the alleged harassment may be…

Read More Court Discusses the “Imputing Conduct” Element of a Hostile Work Environment Claim
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In Lekettey v. City of New York, No. 15-1169-CV, 2016 WL 482109 (2d Cir. Feb. 8, 2016), the court affirmed a lower court’s dismissal of plaintiff’s complaint alleging sexual harassment. There are generally two theories of sexual harassment recognized under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: (1) “quid pro quo” sexual harassment,…

Read More Sexual Harassment Allegations Insufficiently Alleged, Notwithstanding Assertion of “Fondling”
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In Lolonga-Gedeon v. Child & Family Servs., No. 1:08-CV-00300 EAW, 2015 WL 7280559 (W.D.N.Y. Nov. 18, 2015), the court rejected defendant’s challenge to an earlier decision denying its motion for summary judgment on plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim. Defendant argued that the Supreme Court’s decision in Vance v. Ball State University, 133 S.Ct. 2434 (2013)…

Read More Fact Issues as to “Supervisor” Status Result in Denial of Summary Judgment for Defendant on Plaintiff’s Title VII Hostile Work Environment Claim
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In Rubin v. Abbott Labs., No. 13 CIV. 8667 CM, 2015 WL 5679644 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 23, 2015), the court granted defendant’s motion for summary judgment on plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the New York State Human Rights Law, but denied it as to her…

Read More Complaining of Harassment Only to Harasser Provides Employer With Defense to Harassment Claim Under NY State Discrimination Law
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In Vasquez v. Empress Ambulance Serv., Inc., No. 14 CIV. 8387 NRB, 2015 WL 5037055 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 26, 2015), the court addressed the following question: [W]hether an employer is liable for unlawfully retaliating against a plaintiff employee when (1) the plaintiff reports that a coworker [here, Gray] has sexually harassed her, (2) the employer promptly…

Read More Court Discusses and Applies “Cat’s Paw” Theory in Sexual Harassment/Retaliation Case
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In Rock v. Blaine, 2015 WL 3795886 (NDNY June 17, 2015), the court denied defendant State of New York’s motion to dismiss plaintiff’s retaliation claim against it. Plaintiff, a corrections officer, sued the State of New York and three individuals under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, alleging retaliation for making a…

Read More Female Corrections Officer Sufficiently Alleges Retaliation Against the State of New York
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