U.S. Court of Appeals 2nd Circuit

In Williams v. County of Nassau, 2020 WL 2703675 (2d Cir. May 26, 2020)) (Summary Order), the Second Circuit, inter alia, affirmed the lower court ‘s summary judgment dismissal of plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim. From the decision: [T]he existence of the carvings at issue, though highly offensive, were not under the specific circumstances here…

Read More Hostile Work Environment Dismissal Affirmed; Alleged Racist Etchings Insufficient

In Campbell v. Bottling Group, LLC, 2020 WL 2563100 (2d Cir. May 21, 2020) (Summary Order), the Second Circuit, inter alia, affirmed the district court’s dismissal (summary judgment) on plaintiff’s race-based hostile work environment claim. The court summarized the well-established black-letter law relating to hostile work environment claims: To establish a claim for hostile work…

Read More Race-Based Hostile Work Environment Claim Properly Dismissed; “Stink” Comment Insufficient

In Small v. Cuer, 2020 WL 2215585 (2d Cir. May 7, 2020) (Summary Order), a sexual harassment case, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed a lower court ruling that, inter alia, largely upheld a substantial jury award in plaintiff’s favor for emotional distress and punitive damages. The jury had awarded $1.55…

Read More 2d Circuit Upholds Substantial Emotional Distress and Punitive Damages Awards in Sexual Harassment Case

In Rasmy v. Marriott International, Inc., 952 F.3d 379 (2d Cir. March 6, 2020), the court vacated the district court’s grant of summary judgment to defendant on plaintiff’s hostile work environment and retaliation claims. Here I will discuss the court’s evaluation of plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim. In particular, the court faulted the lower court…

Read More 2d Circuit Vacates Summary Judgment Dismissal of Hostile Work Environment Claim; District Court Applied Improperly “Rigid” Test

In Hoit v. Capital District Transportation Authority, 10-202, 2020 WL 1514754 (2d Cir. March 30, 2020) (Summary Order), the Second Circuit, inter alia, affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim asserted under the New York State Human Rights Law. In sum, plaintiff’s lawsuit arose from an incident in which, on his last day…

Read More Hostile Work Environment Claim, Arising From “Tea Bagging” Incident, Not Imputable to Employer Under NYS Human Rights Law; Second Circuit Affirms Dismissal

In Simmons v. Trans Express, Inc., 19-438 (2d Cir. April 13, 2020), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit posed the following Certified Question to the New York Court of Appeals: Under New York City Civil Court Act § 1808, what issue preclusion, claim preclusion, and/or res judicata effects, if any, does a…

Read More 2d Circuit Poses Certified Question to NY Court of Appeals re Preclusive Effect of Small Claims Court Wage Determination

In a recent case, Martin v. New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision, 2020 WL 1514747 (2d Cir. March 30, 2020) (Summary Order), the court affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim asserted under Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1964. This decision is instructive as to the standard applied…

Read More Hostile Work Environment Dismissal Affirmed; 2d Circuit Discusses & Applies Negligence Standard Under Title VII

In Montgomery v. New York City Transit Authority, 2020 WL 1313184 (2d Cir. March 18, 2020) (Summary Order), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s employment discrimination claims under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the New York State and City Human Rights Laws.…

Read More 2d Circuit Affirms Dismissal of Plaintiff’s Discrimination Claims Against the NYC Transit Authority; Rejects “Coded Language” Theory

In Eyuboglu v. Gravity Media, LLC, 2020 WL 1280675 (2d Cir. March 17, 2020) (Summary Order), the court affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s employment discrimination claims under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The court based its decision, in part, on the so-called “stray marks” doctrine: “While discriminatory remarks may constitute evidence of…

Read More Citing “Stray Remarks” Doctrine, 2d Circuit Affirms Dismissal of Employment Discrimination Claims

In Green v. Town of East Haven, 2020 WL 1146687 (2d Cir. March 10, 2020), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, inter alia, vacated a district court’s order grantinf defendant’s motion for summary judgment dismissing plaintiff’s claim of age discrimination under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) under a theory of…

Read More Constructive Discharge Claim Revived from Summary Judgment Dismissal