42 USC § 1981

In Young v. Town of Islip et al, 2017 WL 5468752 (E.D.N.Y. Nov. 13, 2017), the court explained the difference between an “adverse employment action” in the discrimination context, vs. an “adverse employment action” in the retaliation context. The court held that the jury instructions on plaintiff’s retaliation claims – but not her race discrimination…

Read More New Trial on Retaliation Claims Granted Due to Erroneous Jury Charge; Alleged Incidents Should Have Been Considered in the Aggregate
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In a recently-filed lawsuit, captioned Athar v. The Museum of Jewish Heritage et al (SDNY 17-cv-9491 Dec. 7, 2017), the plaintiff – a Pakistani-American Muslim – alleges that the defendants (including the Museum of Jewish Heritage) discriminated against him based upon his race, religion, and national origin, and retaliated against him, in violation of Title…

Read More Race/Religion/National Origin Discrimination Lawsuit Against the Museum of Jewish Heritage
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In Lamarr-Arruz & Ansoralli v. CVS Pharmacy, Inc., 15-cv-04261, 2017 WL 4280690 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 26, 2017), the court rejected the defendant’s reliance on the so-called “Faragher/Ellerth affirmative defense” to plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1981.[1]I wrote about the court’s evaluation of the first element of plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim under section 1981…

Read More Faragher/Ellerth Defense Inapplicable to Plaintiff’s Hostile Work Environment Claim Under 42 U.S.C. § 1981
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In Estevez v. S & P Sales and Trucking LLC et al, 17-cv-1733, 2017 WL 5635933 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 22, 2017), the court held that plaintiff sufficiently alleged a race discrimination claim under 42 U.S.C. 1981. In sum, plaintiff – a male of Hispanic race and Dominican national origin – was terminated by defendants, allegedly on…

Read More Race & National Origin Discrimination Claims Sufficiently Pled; Complaint Sufficiently Alleged That Defendants Treated a Similarly Situated Employee in Different Racial Group More Favorably Than Plaintiff
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In Patel v. City of New York, 2017 WL 4862745 (2d Cir. Oct. 27, 2017) (Summary Order), the court affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s failure-to-promote employment discrimination claim. The court summarized the law as follows (paragraphing altered): [C]laims for race and national origin discrimination under Sections 1981 and 1983 are analyzed under the burden-shifting framework…

Read More 2d Circuit: Lack of Qualification Justifies Dismissal of Failure-to-Promote Race/National Origin Discrimination Claims
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In Mira v. Kingston et al, 2017 WL 4877290 (2d Cir. 16-4080-cv Oct. 30. 2017) (Summary Order), the Second Circuit held that while the district court should have addressed plaintiff’s requests to amend her complaint, the allegations in that complaint would have been dismissed in any event. Specifically, plaintiff wanted to present claims under 42 U.S.C.…

Read More Hostile Work Environment / Constructive Discharge Claim, Based on “Drug” Remark, Properly Dismissed
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In Santiago v. Crown Heights Center for Nursing and Rehabilitation, 2017 WL 4410807, at *4 (E.D.N.Y. Sept. 30, 2017), the court held that a default judgment may be entered against an individual defendant on plaintiff’s claims of discrimination. As to plaintiff’s claims under the New York State and City Human Rights Laws, the court explained:…

Read More Employment Discrimination Claims Stated Against Individual Defendant
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In Pouncy v. Advanced Focus LLC, 2017 WL 428094 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 25, 2017), the court (inter alia) granted defendant’s motion for summary judgment on plaintiff’s retaliation claims under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 1981, and the New York City Human Rights Law.[1]I wrote about the court’s dismissal of plaintiff’s…

Read More Retaliation Claims Dismissed Due to Absence of “Protected Activity”; Plaintiff’s Complaints Were Unrelated to a Legally Protected Characteristic
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In Pouncy v. Advanced Focus LLC, 2017 WL 428094 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 25, 2017), a race discrimination case, the court granted defendants’ motion for summary judgment on plaintiff’s race-based hostile work environment claims under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 1981, and the New York City Human Rights Law (NYCHRL). As…

Read More Hostile Work Environment Was Not “Because Of” Race; Summary Judgment Granted to Defendant
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In Lamarr-Arruz & Ansoralli v. CVS Pharmacy, Inc., 15-cv-04261, 2017 WL 4280690 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 26, 2017), the court denied defendant CVS’s motion for summary judgment on plaintiff’s hostile work environment claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1981, the New York State Human Rights Law, and the New York City Human Rights Law. Here I will focus…

Read More Race-Based Hostile Work Environment Claims Survive Summary Judgment; Court Clarifies Scope of 42 U.S.C. § 1981
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