Wage & Hour Issues

In Simmons v. Trans Express, Inc., 19-438 (2d Cir. April 13, 2020), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit posed the following Certified Question to the New York Court of Appeals: Under New York City Civil Court Act § 1808, what issue preclusion, claim preclusion, and/or res judicata effects, if any, does a…

Read More 2d Circuit Poses Certified Question to NY Court of Appeals re Preclusive Effect of Small Claims Court Wage Determination

In a recent decision, captioned International Franchise Association et al v. City of New York, NY Supreme Court, NY County, Index No. 655987/2018 (Feb. 13, 2020), the court rejected a challenge to New York City’s Fair Workweek Law, codified at Title 20, Chapter 12 of the New York City Administrative Code. Judge Engoron concluded that…

Read More New York Judge Dismisses Challenge to NYC’s Fair Workweek Law

In New York practice, “consolidation” is the mechanism for joining two or more actions into one. In Lopez v. Bendell, No. 156292/2017, 2019 WL 6216089 (N.Y. Sup Ct, New York County Nov. 18, 2019), the court, inter alia, denied defendant’s motion to consolidate two actions – one asserting discrimination based on race and national origin under…

Read More Consolidation of Discrimination and Wage Actions Denied

A recent case, Lopez v. Uno Express Cleaners Inc., 18-cv-10737, 2019 WL 6873796 (SDNY Dec. 17, 2019), illustrates how courts evaluate settlement agreements under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), as mandated by the Second Circuit’s decision in Cheeks v. Freeport Pancake House, Inc., 796 F.3d 199 (2d Cir. 2015). In this case, plaintiff, who was…

Read More FLSA Settlement Rejected in Light of Overbroad Release

In Lenzi v. Systemax, Inc., No. 18-979, 2019 WL 6646630 (2d Cir. Dec. 6, 2019), the court, inter alia, reinstated plaintiff’s claims – dismissed below by summary judgment – of pay discrimination, pregnancy discrimination, and retaliation claims under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In sum, plaintiff alleged that defendants paid her…

Read More 2d Circuit Revives Title VII Pay Discrimination Claim

In Crawford v. ExlService.com, LLC, 2019 WL 5887214 (SDNY Nov. 12, 2019), the court, inter alia, denied defendants’ motion for summary judgment on plaintiff’s federal Equal Pay Act (29 U.S.C. § 206(d)) and New York State Equal Pay Act (N.Y. Labor Law § 194) claims. The court explained: As a threshold matter, the parties’ submissions reveal fact…

Read More Federal and NY State Equal Pay Act Claims Survive Summary Judgment; Jury to Decide Equivalence of Work Functions

In a particularly disturbing development, it is reported that a plaintiff in a wage-and-hour FLSA lawsuit – plaintiff Xue Hui Zhang, suing his former employer, Albany restaurant Ichiban, for $200,000 in back wages – was detained by Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents during a deposition. As indicated in the above-linked news article (dated August…

Read More FLSA Plaintiff Detained by ICE During Deposition

In Nana v. Le Viking LLC d/b/a Bistro Chez Lucienne, 17-CV-928, 2019 WL 3244181 (SDNY July 19, 2019), the court, inter alia, held that plaintiff was entitled to $5,000 in emotional  distress damages on his retaliation claims under the Fair Labor Standards Act and the New York Labor Law. The court noted that “[a]lthough the…

Read More Emotional Distress Damages of $5,000 Awarded in Wage Retaliation Case

In Lord v. Marilyn Model Mgt., Inc., 2019 NY Slip Op 05093 (App. Div. 1st Dept. June 25, 2019), the court reversed the lower court’s dismissal of plaintiff’s claim for breach of contract arising from defendant’s failure to pay him severance. The facts, as summarized by the court: As alleged in the complaint, plaintiff was…

Read More Modeling Scout Sufficiently Alleges Claims Relating to Failure to Pay Severance, First Department Holds