Last week (July 2nd) marked the 50th anniversary of the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Title VII of the Act, beginning at section 2000e of Title 42 of the U.S. Code, provides, in part, that
It shall be an unlawful employment practice for an employer –
(1) to fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual, or otherwise to discriminate against any individual with respect to his compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment, because of such individual’s race, color, religion, sex, or national origin; or
(2) to limit, segregate, or classify his employees or applicants for employment in any way which would deprive or tend to deprive any individual of employment opportunities or otherwise adversely affect his status as an employee, because of such individual’s race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Title II of the Act, beginning at section 2000a of Title 42 of the U.S. Code, prohibits discrimination because of race, color, religion, or national origin in certain places of public accommodation, such as hotels, restaurants, and places of entertainment.